English 1853 Pattern Cavalry saber 10 th Hussar

English 1853 Pattern Cavalry saber from a trooper of the 10 th Hussar, Prince of Wales's own royal.
One of the first Hussar Regiment created in the British Army, in 1715.

It was the first sword in common for the Heavy and Light cavalry, with its dual blade done for thrust and cut, it was regarded as not particularly good at either.

10 Th Hussar Prince of Wales's Own, rack 460

This sword was introduced to the army, prior to the start of the Crimean war.

This 1853 pattern is the sword carried by half of the troopers involved in the Charge of the Light Brigade during the Crimean war, the other half carrying the 1821 pattern.

 A sword knot slot towards the top

10th (The Prince of Wales's Own) Royal Hussars.

Cornet Henry John Wilkin, 11th Hussars by Roger Fenton in 1855... the famous 11th of the charge of the  Light Brigade... amalgamated in 1969 with the 10th Royal Hussars.

The 1853 pattern was a big change for British military sword.

It was the last sword to have a three bar hilt, it was found to fragile and costly in repairing, some for form of bowl or pierce sheet guard were then common choice.

It was the first sword in common for the Heavy and Light cavalry, with its dual blade... done for thrust and cut…it was regarded as not particularly good at either.

It was also the first sword with the tang being an extension of the blade in order to increase its strength.
All in all the sword was not that popular with the regiments, like most of the new sword at that time such as the Bancal 1822 pattern in France.

It was said that the grip being leather riveted to the blade tang was almost rounded which caused the sword to twist in the hand; most of grips were rounded anyway.

The strength of the blade was put into question causing the authorities to test production samples, some tests were done and all stood up very well.

The 1853 pattern survived until 1864 when a new guard was introduced. This was put on the existing 1853 pattern blade and the blade was not changed until as late as 1880.

10th Hussard badge

Offcier 10th Hussard circa 1845

At the time of the First Jacobite Rebellion in 1715, the 10th Regiment of Dragoons was raised in Hertfordshire by Brigadier Humphrey Gore. The Regiment distinguished itself after 1758 in the Seven Years War in Europe.

In 1806 the Prince of Wales obtained Permission to clothe and equip the Regiment as Hussars and it thus became the First Hussar Regiment in the British Army. When appointed Regent, the Prince of Wales made the 10th a Royal Regiment and directed that it should be known as "The Tenth, The Prince of Wales'Own Royal Regiment of Hussars

The Regiment campaigned in the Peninsula War and fought at Waterloo.
The 10th were in the Crimea and were awarded two Victoria Cross in the South African War. They saw action in the Siege of Sevastopol, with fighting at the Battle of Eupatoria and Kerch.

In 1861 they were renamed the 10th (The Prince of Wales's Own) Royal Hussars. 

They saw action in the Second Anglo-Afghan War, in 1878,  in the Sudan, and Egypt in 1884.
With the outbreak of the Second Boer War, the regiment sailed for South Africa in 1899. 

The 10th Hussars has taken part in most of the campaigns of the British Army from the Seven Years War in 1758 to the War of 1939-1945 and has seen service in most parts of the world.

On the 25th of October 1969 the 10th Royal Hussars(P.W.O) amalgamated with the 11th Hussars(P.A.O) to form The Royal Hussars(P.W.O).

On the 4th December 1992 the Royal Hussars(P.W.O) amalgamated with the 14th/20th King's Hussars to become The King's Royal Hussars.

Lieutenant Andrew Finucane
10th (Prince of Wales's own) Royal Hussar 1811

1853 Pattern Carried by 5 Th Dragoon Guard
Heavy Brigade Balaclava

Trooper 16 Th Lancers
carrying the 1853 Pattern


2 Th Royal North British Dragoons with 1853 sword

Cooking House of the 8Th Hussars during the Crimea war by Roger Fenton

10th Hussar circa 1890