French Infantry Gladius 1831 Pattern


French Infantry Gladius 1831 Pattern, the Infantry side arm.

It was called by the soldier, the “coupe choux” which means “cabbage chopper”.

It has a Neo-classical in design, based upon the Roman Gladius...inspired by the french small Artillery sword  1816 pattern.

The hilt is constructed entirely of brass with a grip patterned with 26 raised ribs or rings.

Double-edged, diamond-cross-section blade is 48 cm in length, 4 cm wide blade.

Build up by the brothers Talabot Paris, some did come from the states factories of Klingenthal or Chatellerault.




Various regiments marks -2052- Numéro de rack



The American Model 1832 Foot Artillery Sword and the British Land Transport Corps Private’s Hanger Pattern 1855, and the Russian Pattern 1848 are very similar.

Was used by all infantry including the Famous Foreign Legion during the Mexican expedition and Algeria conquest.

In service during Louis-Philippe until the Second Empire with Napoléon III.

Past 1867, the infantry will replace the 1831 Gladius with the sword-bayonet, 1866 pattern, with the Chassepot rifle.

















 Talabot Frères 1832 Paris




Talabot were two brothers, Leon and Paulin, educated and smart, they got wealth through the business of selling weapons to the Army with the help of Marshall and War Minister Soult, former Napoleon marshall.

They will create railways and major banks.

They will end one of the wealthiest french family by the end of the century.









The Gladuis was used by the Foreign Legion  created in  March 1831 by  Louis Philippe and former Napoleon Marshall Minister Jean de Dieu Soult) for the North African expeditions.

This briquet will travel to Crimea and Mexico.





































French Foreign Legion trooper